All men agree that a just distribution must be according to merit in some sense; they do not all specify the same sort of merit, but democrats identify with freemen, supporters of oligarchy with wealth (or noble birth), and supporters of aristocracy with excellence.Aristotle___
The distribution of resources, privileges and opportunities in society is a topic that has been debated for centuries. It is a matter of great concern because it affects the lives of individuals and shapes the future of the society as a whole. The quote highlights the different opinions about the concept of a just distribution and how various groups perceive merit.
Democrats believe that a just distribution should be based on the principles of equality and freedom. They see merit in terms of individual abilities and believe that everyone should have equal opportunities to achieve their full potential. In their view, the distribution of resources and privileges should be such that it promotes the well-being of all citizens, regardless of their social status or background. This idea is rooted in the belief that all men are equal and that the state exists to serve the people.
On the other hand, supporters of oligarchy believe that merit is determined by wealth and noble birth. In their view, a just distribution should be based on the principles of inequality, with resources and privileges being distributed to those who have the most wealth or are born into a noble family. This idea is based on the belief that wealth and noble birth are markers of superiority and that those who possess them are better equipped to lead and govern the society.
Finally, supporters of aristocracy believe that merit is determined by excellence. They see a just distribution as one that rewards the most talented and capable individuals, regardless of their wealth or social status. This idea is rooted in the belief that excellence and ability are the most important factors in determining a person’s worth and that the state should recognize and reward these qualities.
In conclusion, the debate about the concept of a just distribution and what constitutes merit is ongoing and is likely to continue for many years to come. However, it is important to recognize that different groups have different perspectives and that a just distribution must be one that takes into account the needs and interests of all citizens. It should be based on the principles of equality, freedom and fairness and should promote the well-being and prosperity of the society as a whole.